segunda-feira, 30 de novembro de 2009
People were made to shine
I intend to tell you about a woman, who was born in a “settlement” called Breu Velho, in the plantation named Bagaço, 70 km away of the city of Rio Branco, the capital of Acre state.
Her parents had eleven children, but due to poor environmental conditions only eight survived.At the age of 15 she was taken to the capital, with hepatitis confused with malaria. She gets the protection of the bishop Dom Moacyr Grechi, who hosted her in the Sister Servants of Mary´s house. She wanted to be a nun, but she was illiterate and was enrolled in MOBRAL – a literacy´s project of the military regime.
She knew the social and political activity by the Catholic Church, and she had little contact with Marxist workers when she entered the university. There, she joined the Revolutionary Communist Party (PRC), which was housed in the Labor Party, led by José Genoino. She graduated in History from the Federal University of Acre.
She taught in the secondary education system and engaged herself in the trade union movement. She was a fellow of struggle of Chico Mendes and both have founded the Central Unica dos Trabalhadores (CUT) of Acre in 1985, where she was sub-coordinator until 1986. In that year, she joined the Workers' Party (PT) and ran for federal deputy, but was not elected. In 1988, she was the city council more voted it the city of Rio Branco, winning the only party left seat in the town hall. As councilwoman, she caused controversy by tackling the privileges of the council members and return financial benefits that other members received. With she gets now has many political opponents, but also her popular admiration grew.
She served her term as Deputy Mayor until 1990. This year was a candidate for state senate and again won the largest vote. In the first year of the new mandate was discovered ill, she had been contaminated by heavy metals was still alive when the plantation.
In 1994 she was elected senator of the Republic by the state of Acre, with the largest vote, facing a tradition of winning exclusive of former governors and business leaders of the state.
She was National Secretary of Environment and Development of the Workers Party from 1995 to 1997.
One can say that has become one of the main voices of the Amazon, has been responsible for several projects, including the regulation of access to biodiversity resources.
In 2003, with the election of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to the presidency, was appointed environment minister. Since then, faced constant conflict with other government ministers, when the economic interests went against the goals of environmental preservation.
In December 2006, weakened by a dispute with the Civil House, which accused it of delaying environmental permits to perform work of infrastructure, the minister warned she would not be willing to ease the management of the folder to remain in government, she warned she would not be willing to ease the management of the folder to remain in government.
On 13 May 2008, five days after the launch of the Sustainable Amazon Plan (PAS), whose administration was given the Roberto Mangabeira Unger, she submitted a letter of resignation to the President, because of the lack of support environmental policy, and returned to the exercise of her mandate in the Senate.
On August 19, 2009, Marina Silva announced her disaffiliation from the Workers Party (PT). Marina said the decision was painful and compared with the fact that she left her parents' house for 35 years in a grove towards a big city. "It's not over do struggle within a party when I was nearly 30 years, but the struggle in favor of sustainable development."
• In April 1, 2009, won the Norwegian Sofia, 100 thousand dollars for her fight in defense of the Amazon rainforest. "It reduced deforestation in the Amazon to historically low levels - 59 percent from 2004 to 2007," the foundation. Huge areas have been preserved, more than 700 people were arrested for illegal activities in the forest, more than 1,500 enterprises were closed, and equipment, property and illegal timber were seized. She also worked with indigenous peoples. "During the three years in government Marina Silva, deforestation was reduced to the second lowest level in 20 years", according to the Foundation.